THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO THE TOEFL TEST PDF

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The instruction and practice in The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test, BT Edition, helps students master the skills necessary to achieve the best possible score. The Official Guide to the TOEFL® Test. Downloading the Electronic. Files for the Practice Tests. The test questions on these files are from actual TOEFL tests. Answer Key The Complete Guide To The TOEFL® Test PBT Edition Answer Key and Audio Scripts Bruce Rogers TOEFL® is a registered trademark of.


The Complete Guide To The Toefl Test Pdf

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plicanodfratran.gq 4/21/06 PM Page i The Complete Guide to the TOEFL® Test iBT EDITION AUDIO SCRIPTS AND ANSWER KEY BRUCE. the complete guide to the toefl test plicanodfratran.gq - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test Ibt - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Full TOEFL preparation.

This is another big issue. That is, they try to convince you that the test is all strategy. The most important way to raise your score is simply to get more English experience.

The book does a good job of stressing this fact. But it becomes a bit repetitive when you see the same advice for the third time. Yes, joining an English club to get speaking practice is a good idea. Is it a revolutionary thought? Not really. Does it help me to see that advice more than once? I probably already knew it anyway, so no. Writing Style The writing is generally clear and concrete, which is great. X regardless the of X away the from 7.

X side the of 9.

X attached bones to X familiar people to X to A which 6. A from A For 2. B deals with 7. A in A thousands of eggs 3. A Many 8. C belongs to one A Nowadays 4. C on its 9. D native to B in A Since Exercise The mineral the most fertilizers 3. The a electrical 4. Humor American the earliest the present 5. The Goddard New the the United the seventeenth 8.

Popcorn the corn 9. The nineteenth refracting his The Hawaiian the most the world Exercise A Most 8. D their customers C their 9. B is an imaginary B an accurate 3.

D attention B the most common B history 4. A an underwater C her career A At the beginning 5. D the young A the first A the only C a heated D a height 7. A a third A the highest Exercise 41 1. X the easiest 7. X best-known 2. X stronger and larger 8. X most destructive X finest 3. X least X lower X worse X larger 5. X heavier X more bitter or bitterer X less dense Exercise X chief source 6.

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X any other 2. X brightly colored 7. X miles longer X almost entirely 3. X natural habitats X long before 9. X they are X formal training 5.

X at which X dense enough C major barrier A the sky is 2. D large enough B highly original 3.

D greatly reduced B only one 4. C in which D feet long 5. D it is C is surrounded 6. B it possible C each second D trading center 8. C about how 9. A slow-moving A such as C light is Exercise 43 1. X either 6.

X and X both X not only 3. X but also 8. X frogs 4. X nor 9. X but X neither 5. X or C Mini-test 7: B Explanation 1. The wrong preposition is used; the phrase should correctly read at one time. When a noun phrase includes an ordinal number third , a definite article the third must be used. However, an indefinite article is used in a fraction to mean one: After a preposition, a gerund form photographing is needed. An infinitive to transport is needed.

The correct superlative form is highest. In a wh- clause that is not a direct question, the correct word order is subject-verb: They are.

The conjunction but is used before the word rather to show contrast. The preposition in is used before months such as September. The correct form of the infinitive is to walk.

The preposition of is used in the phrase instead of a. The article an must be used before words that begin with a vowel sound such as enormous. The correct word order is almost all.

The past participle written is required. The verb result is used with the preposition in. The noun result is followed by the preposition of A comparative form much rarer must be used. An indefinite article is needed before the noun: The preposition for is used after the adjective suitable. The correct word order is human psychology.

A full infinitive to teach is required in place of the simple form. Enough must follow adjectives: After the verb allow, the infinitive to approach is needed.

The definite article is used before most when it is part of a superlative adjective phrase: The most. The correct pattern is whether An indefinite article is required: On of of In of 5. On In In on in Mini-Lesson 2. C Explanation 1. The passage discusses the plentiful supply of wood in the colonies and the advantages and disadvantages this involved. Strikingly means "dramatically. Lines state, "The first colonists did not, as many people imagine, find an entire continent covered by a climax forest.

Abounded means "present in large numbers. Lines state that "by the end of the colonial age, the price of wood had risen slightly in eastern cities. Lines indicate that, in the colonies, "buildings were made of wood to a degree unknown in Britain. According to lines , wood was the source of industrial compounds, and charcoal is given as an example.

Charcoal, according to line 19, is a component of gunpowder. In the context of the passage, the word conferred means "provided.

The phrase follow suit means "do the same. Lines state that "the former colonies lagged behind Britain In the context of the passage, cling to means "continue to use.

The author begins to discuss the disadvantages brought on by an abundance of wood in the colonies in lines The passage deals with the entire Peale family; A and C are too narrow, and B is too general. The passage indicates that the portrait was "so realistic" that Washington mistook the painted figures for real ones. The word settings is closest in meaning to "environments. The author defines the term mastodon in line 15 as "a huge, extinct elephant.

There is no information about when the museum was founded. All of the other questions are answered in the second paragraph: Charles Willson Peale found and prepared the animal exhibits; the museum was located in Philadelphia; its most popular exhibit, a mastodon's skeleton, was found on a farm in New York.

In the context of the passage, the word unearthed means "dug up," "removed from the ground. As used in this context, rage means the "current style or fashion. Charles Willson Peale painted over a dozen portraits of Washington line 4 ; Rembrandt Peale also painted at least one lines The author praises the art and work of Charles Willson Peale and other members of the family; that, together with the absence of any critical comments, makes admiring the best choice.

The main theme of this passage is the idea of transforming Mars; choice A best summarizes this idea. The word stark means "harsh," "severe. The word there refers to Mars. The passage states that "daytime temperatures may reach above freezing," but there is no mention that temperatures ever become dangerously hot.

The other characteristics are given in the first paragraph. According to the passage, building up the atmosphere "could create a 'greenhouse effect' that would stop heat from radiating back into space.

The word suitable is closest in meaning to "appropriate. According to scientist Christopher McKay, the project could be started "in four or five decades"-forty or fifty years lines Terra-forming refers to the process of "transforming Mars into a more Earth-like planet" lines The phrase more profound means "deeper.

The passage indicates that the possibility of transforming Mars comes from an "understanding of how Earth's ecology supports life" line The word staggering means "astonishing. The first paragraph indicates that age is "another" factor in susceptibility to colds; therefore, it is logical that a previous paragraph must deal with some other factor. Specific facts is closest in meaning to the word "particulars. Lines state that the study "revealed particulars that seem to hold true for the general population.

Line 4 indicates that "Infants are the most cold-ridden group" and that infant boys have more colds than infant girls lines No matter what age they are, parents of young children show an increase in cold infections; it is reasonable to assume that these parents are infected by their children.

The reference is to people in their twenties. This paragraph deals with the influence of economics on incidence of colds. The word cramped means "small and crowded. This is a neutral, objective scientific report. The passage generally discusses an experiment in which plant roots are grown in isolation-in other words, without the tops of the plants.

The reference is to the roots of plants. According to the passage lines , ATP is a "high energy compound The word intact means "whole. The phrase comes in handy means "is useful. The fact that roots provide organic nitrogen compounds is useful for "the growth of buds in the early spring when leaves are not yet functioning" lines The passage discusses an experiment involving plant roots and the significance of that experiment.

D Exercise X Exercise A Exercise A Mini-Test 8: Reading 1. The passage generally concerns the advantages of biological agents and the disadvantages of chemical agents. The word marring means "spoiling," "ruining. The word clog is closest in meaning to the word "obstruct. The author defines weeds as "any plants that thrive where they are unwanted" line 3. No definitions are offered for the other terms. Lines say "herbicides Choice A is given in lines , which says that biological agents "leave crops and other plants untouched," while chemical agents "kill virtually all the plants they come in contact with.

Choice D is given in lines ; "biological agents can be administered only once," while chemical agents "must be used several times per growing season. The word hence means "consequently" or "therefore. The word innate means "natural" or "in-born. According to the passage, the living organisms used to kill weeds are "primarily insects and micro- organisms.

The reference is to plants. In this context, applications means treatments with biological agents. The problem is the need to control weeds; the possible solutions are the use of chemical or biological agents.

The author refers to the fact that the plot is "tightly choreographed"; that Bernstein's score is "brilliant," and that Stephen Sondheim revealed "a remarkable talent. Lines say the play "is set in the early 's. Since the Jets and Sharks were rival gangs, and were based on the Montagues and Capulets, it is reasonable to assume that the latter groups were also rivals. The word feuding means "hostile," "antagonistic.

The word ultimately means "eventually. Lines state: A score is the written form of a piece of music. Lines indicate that, after it first opened, the play ran for performances.

The summary sentence beginning "The plot. There were 8, people at the New York Auto Show, according to line 1. By coincidence, this was the same number of cars as there were in the United States in lines By happenstance means "by chance," "coincidentally.

According to the passage, only around 4, cars were assembled in the United States in , and only a quarter of those were gasoline powered lines One quarter of 4, is 1, Lines state that "the show's audience favored electric cars. The word fumes means "gases," "vapors. The word launched means "initiated," "began.

According to the passage, "The Duryea Motor Works The word cumbersome means "clumsy, difficult to control" Lines indicate that the Gasmobile, Franklin, and Orient steered with tillers; the Duryea probably used a steering wheel Lines state that "the black tie i.

According to the passage, auto shows were about to become "extravaganzas. The passage deals with an interpretation of an experiment involving children's art. The passage says that the children drew both "front views" line 6 and "rear views" line 7. The reference is to the children. The word markedly means "noticeably. There is nothing in the article particularly useful to commercial artists.

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The word odd means "unusual" In the context of this passage, scale means "proportion. Lines indicate that the head size "is a form of planning, and not an indication of a poor sense of scale. Choice A is not correct; the author is not critical of 0'Keeffe's style. Choice B is too specific. There is no comparison of abstract art and landscape art, so C is not correct.

Choice D is the best statement of the author's purpose.

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Line 2 states that 0'Keeffe "studied art in Chicago and New York. The expression refers to The word frequented is closest in meaning to "visited. The word intuitively means "instinctively. Lines indicate that "her style changed dramatically The word blanched means "whitened," "bleached.

According to the passage, she "most often painted desert landscapes" after a trip to New Mexico in Lines state that she became "the dean of Southwestern painters and one of the best known of American artists. C Mini-Lesson 3. B Mini-Lesson 3. A Mini-Lesson 3. D Written Expression In order to be parallel with the other adjectives in the series harder and more resistant , the comparative form lighter must be used.

The correct superlative form is largest. The adjective form destructive is required in place of the noun form. The correct pattern is both The correct form of the infinitive to play is needed.

Both the noun phrase these craftsmen and the pronoun refer to the same person, so the reflexive pronoun themselves should be used. The singular form of the verb, was, should be used to agree with the singular subject, influence. The pronoun subject they is used unnecessarily and should be omitted. The relative word where must be used to describe a place. When is used to describe a time. With countable nouns such as mammals, the word many is used.

In order to agree with a plural noun sharks , the possessive adjective their should be plural. The adjective form Commercial is required. The noun ability is needed in place of the adjective able. The correct verb is make. In order to be parallel with the other items in the series physics and mathematics , the name of the field chemistry must be used.

The adjective expert cannot be pluralized. The correct word order is almost exactly. The past tense form is required: The word lot should not be pluralized. The word ago is used unnecessarily. The preposition for should be used with the adjective responsible. The noun form collection should be used in place of the gerund. The primary purpose of this passage is to detail the stages of the Sun's life in the future.

The word fueled is closest in meaning to "powered. As it is used in the passage, the word "condition" is closest in meaning to "state.

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The Sun has existed in its present state for about 4 billion, million years lines It is expected to become a red giant in about 5 billion years. Therefore, it is about halfway through its life as a yellow dwarf. Line 8 states that "the core of the Sun will shrink and become hotter. The second paragraph describes the process by which the Sun becomes a red giant star.

The last sentence of that paragraph states: Lines indicate that the Sun will be a white dwarf "After it shrinks to about the size of the Earth. Therefore, the Sun will be thousands of times smaller than it is today.

According to the passage, the Sun is now a yellow dwarf star; it will then expand to a red giant star, shrink to a white dwarf star, and finally cool to a black dwarf. The word eject has the same meaning as "throw off.

The reference is to the planet Earth. The tone is scientifically objective. Although the passage describes the end of the Earth, that event is so far in the future that the author's tone is dispassionate. Washington was one of the first persons to realize the importance of canals, and he headed the first company formed to build a canal. This indicates that he was a pioneer in canal construction. Choice C is incorrect because the canal was never finished.

The word possibility is closest in meaning to "feasibility. The word relatively is closest in meaning to "comparatively. The word intermittent is closest in meaning to "on-again-off-again. According to the passage, the Governor of New York "persuaded the state to finance and build the canal" lines The word fees is closest in meaning to the word "tolls. According to lines , the canal "allowed New York to supplant Boston, Philadelphia, and other eastern cities as the chief center of both domestic and foreign trade.

Lines indicate that the expansion of the Canal would have been warranted "had it not been for the development of the railroads. The word warranted most nearly means "justified. The passage begins to discuss the actual construction of the Erie Canal in Line The passage mainly deals with the distress signals of trees. Choices B and C concern minor details. There is no information about A. The reference is to "trees" in line 4.

The word parched has the same meaning as the word "dehydrated. The word plight means "condition. The trees' signals are in the kilohertz range; the unaided human ear can detect no more than 20 kilohertz lines The word fractured is closest in meaning to "broken. The signals are caused when the water columns inside tubes in trees break, "a result of too little water" line In the context of the passage, pick up means "perceive.

Choices A and B are mentioned in lines ; C is mentioned throughout the passage; there is no mention of D. Lines say, "Researchers are now running tests," implying that research is continuing.

The passage explains the difference between two concepts, analogy and homology, and gives examples of both. Lines state, "The concepts The word rigid is closest in meaning to "inflexible. Analogous organs are those that perform the same functions but are not derived from the same embryological structures. The structures given in D most likely demonstrate this relationship in that they both provide the same functions-locomotion and support-but are not otherwise related.

Homologous organs "are genetically related," according to line In the context of the passage, the term structures refers to different physical parts of animals: The word sense is closest in meaning to "meaning. The author begins to discuss homology in the sentence beginning "In contrast … " in line 9. The purpose of the passage is primarily to describe Charlie Chaplin's movie Modern Times.

Lines state that Chaplin "was motivated to make the film by a reporter" during an interview. The word abruptly is closest in meaning to the word "suddenly. According to lines , "scenes of factory interiors account for only about one third of the footage.

The phrase losing his mind means "going insane" from the pressure of work. The reference is to the phrase "another popular scene" in line The word utter is closest in meaning to that of "complete. The film does not offer "a radical social message," and so would not be considered "revolutionary" A. Line 14 states that "Chaplin prefers to entertain rather than lecture"; thus, it is "entertaining" B.

Lines 19 mention that people who have seen the film cannot forget certain scenes, and so it is "memorable" C. According to lines , the opening scene's "rather bitter note of criticism …is replaced by a gentler note of satire"; therefore, the author would consider the film "satirical" D. A Written Expression A Explanation of Written Expression Items The comparative older is needed in place of the superlative oldest.

Lines state that "by the end of the colonial age, the price of wood had risen slightly in eastern cities. Lines indicate that, in the colonies, "buildings were made of wood to a degree unknown in Britain. According to lines , wood was the source of industrial compounds, and charcoal is given as an example.

Charcoal, according to line 19, is a component of gunpowder. In the context of the passage, the word conferred means "provided. The phrase follow suit means "do the same. Lines 31 33 state that "the former colonies lagged behind Britain because their supply of wood led them to cling to charcoal iron. In the context of the passage, cling to means "continue to use. The author begins to discuss the disadvantages brought on by an abundance of wood in the colonies in lines The passage deals with the entire Peale family; A and C are too narrow, and B is too general.

The passage indicates that the portrait was "so realistic" that Washington mistook the painted figures for real ones. The word settings is closest in meaning to "environments.

The author defines the term mastodon in line 15 as "a huge, extinct elephant. There is no information about when the museum was founded. All of the other questions are answered in the second paragraph: Charles Willson Peale found and prepared the animal exhibits; the museum was located in Philadelphia; its most popular exhibit, a mastodon's skeleton, was found on a farm in New York.

In the context of the passage, the word unearthed means "dug up," "removed from the ground. As used in this context, rage means the "current style or fashion.The definite article is used before most when it is part of a superlative adjective phrase: X it Exercise According to the passage, the production of Bessemer steel exceeded that of wrought iron in lines , implying that wrought iron production was greater than Bessemer steel production before then.

Each of the forty-eight lessons in the book contains sample items that illustrate exactly how the point brought up in that lesson is tested in TOEFL.

He seems to think he's a race-car driver, doesn't he?

Start to incorporate the timer with your TOEFL studies once you feel more comfortable working under the clock.

The only difference is the amount of traffic.

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