SCIENTISTS AND INVENTIONS PDF

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Important Inventions and Discoveries PDF covers the list of all Important . Who among the following scientists invented Remote Control?. The most influential scientists of all time / edited by Kara Rogers.—1st ed. p. cm.—(The Britannica guide to the world's most influential people). Some famous scientists and their most remarkable inventions and discoveries. Invention is something you create by experimentation, where as discovery is.


Scientists And Inventions Pdf

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inventions and in men who accomplish great things, may it also bring them into .. AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS FOLLOWERS OF SCIENCE. AND REAL. Science & Technology. Creativity and Inventions. Ashok Misra. Chairman-India, Intellectual Ventures. Former Director, IIT Bombay [email protected] PDF | On Mar 1, , Rajesh Kumar and others published Invention. Cite this publication. Rajesh Kumar at Ministry of Science and Technology, India.

Motor Scooter, Inventor : Greville Bradshaw England. Neon Lamp, Inventor : Georges Claude France First installation in U. Cosmopolitan Theatre, July Night Club, Inventor : Paris, France.

First was Le Bai des Anglais, Paris. Nineteenth Laws of Planetary Motion, Inventor : Johannes Kepler Germany.

Nylon, Wallace H. Carothers U. First stockings made about Bristle production, February 25, Yarn production, December Oxygen, Discoverer : Antoine Laurent Lavoisier France. Ozone, Discoverer : Christian Schonbein Germany. Paper, c.

Invented in China. Introduced to West via Yarkand, c. Parachute, Inventor : Andre Jacques Garnerin France First descent from 2, ft over Paris. Earliest jump from aircraft March 1, by Capt A. Berry U. Louis, Missouri. Parchment, c. Inventor : Egypt. Modern name from Pergamam, Asia Minor, c. Parking Meter, Inventor : Corlton C. Magee U.

List Of Famous Inventions And Their Inventors

Oklahoma City July Phonograph, Head cranked cylinder at Menlo Park. Patent, February First described on April 30, , by Charles Cross France Phosphorus, Discoverer : Hennig Brand Germany.

Photography on metal , Sensitised pewter plate, 8 hrs exposure at Chalon-sur-Saone, France. Photography on paper , Inventor : W. Fox Talbot England Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire, England. Photography on film , Inventor : John Carbutt U. Kodak by George Eastman U. Piano, Inventor : Cristofori Italy. Porcelain, c. Inventor : China. Reached Baghdad, c. Potter's Wheel, c. Inventor : Asia Minor. Used in Mesopotamia Iraq , c. Pneumatic Tyre. See bicycle tyres look alphabetically above.

Printing Press, c. Inventor : Johannes Gutenberg Germany c. Hand printing known in India in Printing Rotary , Inventor : Richard Hoe U.

Philadelphia public ledger rotary printed, Propeller ship , Inventor : Francis Smith England Proton, Pyramid, c. Inventor : Egyptians. Earliest was Zoser step pyramid, Saqqara. Radar, Inventors : Dr. Allbert H. Taylor and Leo C. Young U. Radio reflection effect noted.

Radioactivity, Inventor : Antoine Bacqucrel France. Radio Telegraphy over 1 km , At Cambridge, England. Radio Telegraphy Trans-Atlantic , Inventor : Guglielmo Marconi Italy From Poldhu, Cornwall to St. Holn's, New Zealand December Earliest broadcast of speech by Prof. Reginald Fessenden U. Rayon, Inventor : Sir Joseph Swann England Production at Courtauld's Ltd. Name "Rayon" adopted in Razor Safety , Inventor : King C.

List of Inventions and Inventors Questions:

Gillette U. First throw-away blades. Earliest fixed safety razor by Kampfe. Razor Electric , Inventor : Col. Jacob Schick U. First manufactured Stanford, Connecticut; March Reaper, Inventor : Henry Ogle U. Record long-playing , Petter Goldmark U. Refrigerator, Inventor : James Harrison [Australian j Bendigo.

Australia, Brewery. Revolver, Inventor : Samuel Colt U. Rocket Engine, Inventor : Robert H. Goddard USA , considered as father of modern rocket propulsion. Rubber waterproof , Inventor : Charles Macintosh Scotland First experiments in Glasgow. Rubber introduced into Europe in Rubber vulcanised , Rubber tyres , Inventor : Thomas Hancock England Introduced solid rubber tyres for vehicles see also bicycle.

Rubber latex foam , Inventor : Dunlop Rubber Co. Team led by E. Murphy at Fort Dunlop, Birmingham, England. Safety Pin, Inventor : William Hunt U. First manufactured in New York City.

First patent in England by Thomas Saint, First machine put to factory use invented by Barthelemy Thimonnier France , patented in The eye pointed needle and double-lock stitch invented by Walter Hunt of New York , but never patented. Elias Howe of Spencer, Mass, developed his machine independently not aware of Hunt's work , patented in.

Earliest practical domestic machine invented by Isaac M. Singer of Pittstown, New York, Ship sea-going , c. Inventor : Egyptian ships traversed Eastern Mediterranean sea. Ship steam , Perier France First trail on the Seine river, near Paris, France. Ship turbine , Inventor : Hon. Sir Charles Parsons England Turbinia attained Silicones, Inventor : Prof.

Kipping England. Silk Manufacture, c. Inventor : Reeling machines devised, China. Silk mills in Italy, c. Skyscraper, Home Insurance Co. Building, Chicago, Illinois, storey top 4 steel beams. Slide Rule, Inventor : William Oughtred England Earliest slide between fixed stock by Robert Bissaker, Spectacles or eyeglasses , c.

Inventor : Venice, Italy convex. Concave lens myopia not developed till c. Spinning Frame, Inventor : Sir Richard Arkwright England Spinning Jenny, Inventor : James Hargreaves England d. Spinning Mule, Inventor : Samuel Crompton England c. Steam Engine, Inventor : Thomas Savery England c.

Steam Engine piston , Inventor : Thomas Newcomen England Steam Engine condenser , Inventor : James Watt Scotland Stirrups metal , c. Inventor : Ancient Avars. Possibly originated in the eastern steppes of Asia. Steel Production, At St. Pancreas, London. Cementation of wrought iron bars by charcoal contact known to Chalybes people of Asia Minor, c. Steel rustless or stainless , Inventor : Harry Brearley England.

First cast at Sheffield, England August Knapp patent, October for chromium carbon steel; failed to recognise corrosion resistance. Stethoscope, Inventor : Dr. William Stokes England Streetcar railed , Inventor : Rail mining tracks, Lieberthal in Alsace region of France. Streetcar electric , Inventor : Ernst Werner von Siemens Germany Earliest permanent self-propelled public streetcar at Lichterfelde in Berlin, Germany, Demonstration at Berlin trade exhibition over yards, May 31, Submarine, Synthesizer, Tank military , Built at Leicester, England.

Tested in September Telegraph, Telegraph Code, Inventor: Samuel F. Morse U. The real credit belonged largely to his assistant, Alfred Vail U. Telephone, First exchange at Boston, Massachusetts, Telescope 1st refracting , Inventor : Hans Lippershey German-Dutch lensmaker.

Demonstrated his invention called 'kijker' meaning 'looker' in Dutch before Dutch parliament on 2nd October Time Recorder, Inventor : John Froelich U. Completed in Iowa September 6 Tractor Caterpillar , Inventor: Benjamin Holt U. Transformer induction coil , Inventor : William Stanley, Jr. Transistor, Researched at Bell Telephone Laboratories. True Nature of Combustion, Tungsten, Typewriter, Inventor : Peter Mitterhofer Austria.

First practical patent by Christopher Soles U. Uranium, Discoverer : Martin Heinrich Klaproth Germany. Vaccination, Edward Jenner England. Variable Wing, First military application in U.

F Jet Fighter, Vitamin A, Discoverers : Elmer V. McCollum and M. Davis USA. Vitamin B, Discoverer : Elmer V. McCollum USA. Vitamin C, Vitamin D, He also studied role of Vitamin D in preventing Rickets in Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Washing Machine electric , date not exact, estimated. Inventor : Controversial and exact inventor is unknown. S produced first model of electric washer called "Thor" based on design by Alva J.

Fisher, Watch self-winding , Inventor : Abraham-Louis Breguet France.

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Rocker Pedometer action. Welder electric welding , Inventor : Elisha Thompson U. Wheel, c. Inventor : Sumerian civilisation.

Spokes as opposed to solid wheels introduced c. Windmill, c. Inventor : Persian corn grinding, oldest known port mill, , Bury St. Edmunds, England. Writing, c. Earliest evidence found at Warka in Iraq. Xerography, Inventor : Chester Floyd Carlson U. First photocopier machine marketed in U. X-ray, Inventor : Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen Germany.

University of Wurzburg November 8. Zeppelin, Rigid Airship Inventor : Ferdinand von Zeppelin Germany. Zero in number system , c. Inventor : Anonymous India. Absolute zero temperature; cessation of all molecular energy, , William Thompson and Lord Kelvin, England. Ziggurats, c. Rudolf Diesel March 18, - disappeared September 29, Invented the compression combustion engine, which was named the Diesel engine after him.

Rudolf Hell December 19, - March 11, Formulated pioneering technology for the scanner and the fax machine hellschreiber.

Thomas Edison February 11, - October 18, Edison was involved in countless inventions, either directly or through the several engineers he employed. He is known for the invention and commercialization of the electric light and the phonograph.

William Henry Perkin March 12, - July 14, First to produce a synthetic aniline dye -- mauveine, of the color mauve. Alexander Fleming August 6, - March 11, Discovered the fungus responsible for the production of penicillin, Penicillium notatum. Andreas Vesalius December 31, - October 15, First to describe the human skeletal system and muscular system accurately and in great detail.

Aryabhata also did commendable work in trigonometry, creating one of the earliest trigonometric tables later found to be accurate , and astronomy, discovering the daily rotation of the earth. Carl Linnaeus May 12, - January 10, Formed the taxonomical system of binomial nomenclature, wherein the name of the genus is followed by the name of the species.

For instance, human beings are termed as Homo sapiens, wherein Homo is the genus and sapiens is the species. Carl Wilhelm Scheele December 9, - May 21, Discovered oxygen, although Joseph Priestly published his findings first and is thus given credit for the discovery.

Sir Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman November 7, - November 21, Discovered the change in the wavelength -- and thus the color -- of light traveling through a transparent medium, a phenomenon later named after him -- the Raman effect.

Charles Darwin February 12, - April 19, Formulated the theory of evolution, explaining the huge diversity in organisms as a result of millions of years of unceasing evolution programmed by natural selection.

Copernicus February 19, - May 24, The first to accurately describe the solar system as heliocentric having the sun at the center rather than geocentric having the earth at the center Dmitri Mendeleev February 8, - February 2, Created a comprehensive periodic table of elements, incorporating the Newland's law of octaves and leaving blanks where he theorized the presence of elements that had not yet been discovered.

Most of these gaps were later found to be correct. Edward Jenner May 17, - January 26, Discovered the process of vaccination by proving that deliberate or accidental infection of cowpox provided immunity against smallpox, an untreatable disease in Jenner's time. Jenner is said to have saved more lives than any other man in history!

Important Inventions and Discoveries PDF

Ernest Rutherford August 30, - October 19, Discovered the phenomenon of radioactive half-life and the change in the atomic number of the element due to radiation, sowing the seeds of the extensive future research into nuclear fission. Due to his highly influential findings, Rutherford is termed the 'father of nuclear physics'. April 6, Discovered the double-helical structure of the DNA molecule. Although Hertz didn't realize the full ramifications of his work, the seminal research led to the discoveries made by Jagadish Chandra Bose, Marconi et al.

Henri Becquerel December 15, - August 25, Discovered radioactivity in uranium salts. Isaac Newton December 25, - March 20, One of the most revered scientists in history and rightly so , Newton discovered and formulated the laws of gravity and the three laws of motion, along with invaluable work in several other fields.

He was also closely involved in the development of calculus. James Chadwick October 20, - July 24, Discovered the electrically neutral particle in atoms, neutron. Johann Kepler December 27, - November 15, Formulated the laws of planetary motion, which are named after him. Max Planck April 23, - October 4, A theoretical physicist by nature and profession, Planck formulated the quantum theory, considered one of the most important theories of modern physics.

Michael Faraday September 22, - August 25, Discovered electromagnetic induction, laws of electrolysis and fundamental relations between light and magnetism. Faraday is considered the greatest experimentalist.

Otto Hahn March 8, - July 28, Discovered nuclear fission. During the related research, Hahn collaborated with Lise Meitner and her nephew Otto Frisch, who confirmed Hahn's results and coined the term 'nuclear fission'; Hahn was initially baffled by the results, which did not fit in the prevalent scientific paradigm.

Robert Koch Renowned for the isolation of Bacillus anthracis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Vibrio cholerae, the bacteria responsible for the diseases anthrax, tuberculosis and cholera, respectively. Although the diseases may not sound sinister in the 21st century, they were among the deadliest in the 19th century. Koch is also known for his eponymous postulates about the determination of the particular microbe responsible for a disease.

Srinivasa Ramanujan December 22, - April 26, Isolated from the European mathematics community, Srinivasa Ramanujan rediscovered several previously discovered theorems, as well as several new ones. Ramanujan's groundbreaking and unorthodox derivations are still being heavily researched by mathematicians all over the world. Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen March 27, - February 10, Discovered the X-ray, and thus considered the father of diagnostic radiology.Inventor : Robert H.

Bicycle Tyres pneumatic , Chronometer, Oldest surviving is Italian Bordino in Turin. First motor car pneumatic tyres adapted by Andre and Edouard Michelin France , see rubber tyres. First trail on the Seine river, near Paris, France. Loud U.

Taylor and Leo C. Researched at Bell Telephone Laboratories. Transistor,

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